El impétigo, una de las afecciones de la piel más comunes entre los niños. El impétigo no ampolloso comienza como pequeñas ampollas que se revientan y. Impétigo ampolloso Niños pequeños Siempre causado por S. aureus Por acción de una toxina epidermolítica Ampollas superficiales de. ABSTRACT. Impetigo is a common cutaneous infection that is especially prevalent in children. Historically, impetigo is caused by either group A β- hemolytic.

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Crusted impetigo located on the arm. Thus, benzathine penicillin or those sensitive to penicillinases are not indicated in the treatment of impetigo. There is a predominance of lesions in exposed areas, especially in the limbs and face Figures 5 and 6. Bullous impetigo in diaper area.

Impétigo (para Padres)

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Efficacy and safety of retapamulin ointment as treatment of impetigo: Its antibacterial action occurs through the inhibition of protein synthesis by binding selectively to bacterial ribosomes. For skin diseases, serological anti-DNA-ase B test, useful to demonstrate a previous streptococcal infection group A streptococcuscan be performed. Skin bacteriology and the role of Staphylococcus aureus in infection.

The presence of MRSA as impetigo’s causative agent in non-hospitalized patients is considered unusual and with heterogeneous distribution. A review of its use in the management of impetigo and other uncomplicated superficial skin infections. Besides inducing antibiotic tolerance, biofilms can increase bacterial virulence. Clinical and molecular characteristics of invasive and noninvasive skin and soft tissue infections caused by group A streptococcus.

Mupirocin in the treatment of impetigo. Treatment of impetigo does not reduce the risk of glomerulonephritis, but it reduces the dissemination of nephritogenic strains in the population. The commercially available formulation is a mixture of neomycin B and C, while framycetin, used in Canada and several European countries, is composed of pure neomycin B.


It is effective against S. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: Staphylococcal strains that are resistant to erythromycin will also be resistant to clarithromycin, roxithromycin and azithromycin. Bullous impetigo —desquamation collarette and flaccid blisters. Other phage types involved are 3A, 3C and In patients with impetigo, lesions should be kept clean, washed with soap and warm water and secretions impetigl crusts should be removed.

El impétigo

In studies conducted over the past three decades, there has been a resurgence of S. Impetigo in a population over 8.

Impetigo, a reassessment of etiology and therapy. Common soaps or those containing antiseptic substances such as triclosan, chlorhexidine and povidone iodine, may be used. Bacterial infections of the skin.

How to cite this article: These are germs with invasive potential, which can reach several tissular planes, such as the epidermis impetigodermis ecthyma or deeper subcutaneous tissue cellulite. Regional lymphadenopathy is common and fever can occur in severe cases.

It is available in Brazil in the form of ointment, alone or in combination with bacitracin. Staphylococci are transmitted primarily by hand, particularly in hospital settings.

In addition, oral antibiotics have more side effects than topical antibiotics.

El impétigo (para Adolecentes)

Crusted impetigo non-bullous on the face. Rio Branco, 39 Currently, the most frequently isolated pathogen is S. Int J Antimicrob Agents.

On the other hand, there is a niks group of strains that cause cutaneous infection but that do not affect the throat. Anti-Bacterial agents; Impetigo; Staphylococcus aureus ; Streptococcus pyogenes.


It is also effective, to a lesser extent, against Streptococcus and Propionibacterium acnes. Fusidic acid is highly effective against S. These enzymes hydrolyze the beta lactam ring, and they are, so far, the main mechanism of resistance to betalactam antibiotics.

Beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A is not commonly observed before two years of age, but there is a progressive increase in older children. A fusidic acid-resistant clone of Staphylococcus aureus associated with impetigo bullosa is spreading in Norway. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Staphylococcal infections are present in all age groups. Lancefield classification of streptococci is based on the cell wall’s C carbohydrate antigens, going from A to T.

It is not active against bacteria of the normal cutaneous flora and therefore does not alter the skin’s natural defense. A systematic review and meta-analysis of treatments for impetigo.

Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes are highly resistant to neomycin, which is why the drug is usually associated with bacitracin to treat cutaneous infections. Each lesion measures 1 to 2 cm in diameter and grows centrifugally Figure 4.