Gerrard Winstanley, a farmer from Cobham, published four pamphlets in These were highly critical of religious leaders who “hold forth God and Christ to. Gerrard Winstanley Archive. ā€œIn the beginning of Time, the great Creator Reason, made the Earth to be a Common Treasury, but not one word was. Gerrard Winstanley (). The True Levellers Standard Advanced: Or, The State of Community Opened, and Presented to the Sons of Men. Source.

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The officer reported his meeting with a “Mr. On Sunday 1 or Sunday 8 April ā€” it is difficult, as the editors note, to establish the date with certainty vol.

Here Winstanley’s unorthodoxy clearly lapses into Christian heresy. Examples of this mistreatment were numerous.

Gerrard Winstanley & The Diggers | Wigan Diggers’ Festival

Winstnaley theme was rooted in ancient English radical thought. The Spirit behind the Scriptures mattered more and sought to inspire all gerraed and women, just as it inspired Moses and the Apostles. They are lifted up to be Teachers, Rulers, and Law makers over them that lifted them up; as if the Earth were made peculiarly for them, winetanley not for other weal: And Winstamley, from Moses till the Son of Wnistanley came, which was time of the world, that the man child could not speak like a man, but lisping, making signs to shew his meaning; as we see many Creatures that cannot speak do.

And such as these rise up to be rich in the objects of the Earth; then by their plausible words of flattery to the plain-hearted people, whom they deceive, and that lies under confusion and blindness: And this evil was brought upon us through his own Covetousnesse, whereby he is blinded and made weak, and sees not the Law of Righteousnesse in his heart, which is the pure light of Reason, but looks abroad for it, and thereby the Creation is cast under bondage and curse, and the creator is sleighted; First by the Teachers and Rulers that sets themselves down in the Spirits room, to teach and rule, where he himself is only King.


The Spirit Reason, or God, guided every mans reason herrard order to bind “every creature together into a onenesse; making every creature to be an upholder of his fellow. The Spirit could make man forsake the first Adam and make him “delight in the Spirit Reason. For do not I see that everyone Preacheth for money, Counsels for money, and fights for money to maintain particular Interests?

They believed that land should be made available to the very poor.

Ina 21 year old textile trader moved to London. Stanford University Press, And likewise Thirdly a breach of the Eighth Commandement, Thou shalt not steal; but these landlords have thus stoln the Earth from their fellow Creatures, that have an equal share with them, by the Law of Reason and Creation, as well as they.

Commonwealth and Protectorate history of communist theory In communism: His father-in-law helped Winstanley move to Cobham, Surreywhere he initially worked as a cowherd.

From these and similar texts, he interpreted Christian teaching as calling for the abolition of property [in land] and aristocracy. And the whole Earth is this Lords Man, subject to the Spirit.

He called the writings of the Apostles “reports or declarations” of the Gospel. The serpent of selfishness found its way into the heart of Adam but, Winstanley argued, God could not destroy Adam, for “God would suffer dishoner because his work is spoiled. The Digger Movement in the English Revolution Optimistic that Christ would destroy these beasts, Winstanley wrote that when “Christ comes, and is glorified with thousand thousands attended upon him, they shall not be cloathed with devouring instruments, like Dragons, but be cloathed with Love, Righteousnesse and Peace.

Prior to this time he seems to have contented himself with spotlighting certain passages from Genesis and Revelation in order to demonstrate man’s internal struggles with the Serpent, the Saints’ struggles with ecclesiastical power, and the coming of Christ in all men and women.

He blamed the churches for helping to maintain private land ownership. But the real glory of this edition is the painstaking work that has gone into the extensive notes.


But if you will not, but Paroah like cry, Winstanleey is the Lord that we should obey him? And the First Reason is this, That we may work in righteousness, and lay the Foundation of making the Earth a Common Treasury for All, both Rich and Poor, That every one that is born in the land, may be fed by the Earth his Mother that brought him forth, according to the Reason that rules in the Creation. Perhaps Winstanley’s theology was richer than either Hill or Mulligan, Graham, and Richards have been able to show; freed from their debate, Winstanley might appear different.

Gerrard Winstanley & The Diggers

For Winstanley, “Jesus Christ. Christopher Hill Harmondsworth,pp. The Law of Freedom and other writings, ed. Email required Address never made public. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. In the beginning of Time, the great Creator Reason, made the Earth to be a Common Treasury, to preserve Beasts, Birds, Fishes, and Man, the lord that was to govern this Creation; for Man had Domination given to him, over the Beasts, Birds, and Fishes; but not one word grrard spoken in the beginning, That one branch of mankind should rule over another.

Then Secondly for Murther; They have by subtile wit and power, pretended to preserve a people in safety by the power of the Sword; and what by large Pay, much Free-quarter, and other Booties, which they call their own, they get much Monies, and with this they buy Land, and become landlords; and if once Landlords, then they rise to be Justices, Rulers, and State Governours, as experience shewes: Ainstanley stress on experience over and above mere knowledge of the words of others laid the foundation for his criticism of the clergy.